The biomechanically inspired machine that is discussed in this paper refers to the antagonistic muscles pairs, which belongs to the Skeletal Muscles and are normally arranged in opposition so that as one group of muscles contract another group relaxes or lengthens.
Machines and Robots Driven by Muscle Like Acting NiTi Alloys
Relly Victoria V. Petrescu, Raffaella Aversa, Antonio Apicella and Florian Ion T. Petrescu | Romanian Society of Robotics Committee
The research shows a bioinspired approach to be adopted to design of systems based on Shape Memory Alloys (SMAs), a class of Smart Materials that has in common with muscles the capability to react to an impulse (thermal for SMAs) with a contraction. The biomechanically inspired machine that is discussed in the paper refers to the antagonistic muscles pairs, which belongs to the Skeletal Muscles and are normally arranged in opposition so that as one group of muscles contract another group relaxes or lengthens.
The study proposes a model, a solution not only to design a specific application, but also to provide an approach to be used for a wide range of adaptive applications (switchable windows, smart shadow systems, parking and urban shelters, etc.), where the shape changes in response to different external stimuli. The use of antagonist pairs mechanism provides a solution for better optimized systems based on SMAs where the main and proven advantages are: easier and faster change of shape, lower need of energy for system operation, lower cost for SMA training and no problem of overheating... (Full PDF whitepaper available here)
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