While AMRs can be deployed in existing warehouse and distribution centers, some considerations should be considered to ensure they navigate and perform at their peak. Specifically, the durability and condition of the flooring upon which they travel.

3PL's New Rack Supported Work Platforms Optimized for Autonomous Mobile Robots (AMRs)
3PL's New Rack Supported Work Platforms Optimized for Autonomous Mobile Robots (AMRs)

Case Study from | ResinDek / Cornerstone Specialty Wood Products

When called upon to design and install two separate rack supported work platforms for a third-party logistics (3PL) company's two warehouses, Ridg-U-Rak — one of the world's largest pallet rack and storage rack manufacturers — turned to their go-to solution provider for the elevated flooring: Cornerstone Specialty Wood Products, LLC®. The company's ResinDek® flooring panels are engineered specifically for mezzanines, industrial work platforms and pick modules.

"We've partnered with Cornerstone to use their ResinDek flooring in our designs for more than a decade," notes Jim Staszewski, a Ridg-U-Rak Senior Designer. "They're on the leading edge of developing high-density, elevated flooring products that handle high traffic and highly concentrated dynamic loads, like those on pallet jacks and robotic wheels. When you buy their products you know you're getting high-quality flooring. They are the clear leader with an unparalleled combination of design, engineering, and product testing."

Ridg-U-Rak's highly efficient design uses ResinDek® with TriGard® flooring for a 3PL's rack supported platforms in two different warehouses.

As Staszewski and the engineering team at Ridg-U-Rak were developing the designs for the two facilities, it came to their attention that the 3PL planned to deploy a fleet of autonomous mobile robots (AMRs) from Locus Robotics on both the floor and elevated platform levels of the two new structures.

Collaborative AMRs like those from Locus Robotics are engineered to be nimble and handle payloads quickly. They safely navigate around both people and obstacles while accomplishing a variety of transportation tasks. AMRs are increasingly being deployed within warehouses, distribution centers, and order fulfillment operations to help workers be more productive.

Jeffrey Cody, Director at Locus Robotics, explains "Each robot is equipped with scanners and totes or shipping cartons. The Locus system optimizes the orders on the bot and the bot autonomously navigates the most efficient path from location to location where associates are there to quickly pick items to complete the orders. This is far safer and more efficient than associates pushing carts around with the picked items or walking long distances between picks. Our robots handle the travel and transportation allowing workers to spend more time working and less time walking."


ResinDek® with TriGard® Floor Panels are Engineered to Maintain the Performance of AMRs

While AMRs can be deployed in existing warehouse and distribution centers, some considerations should be considered to ensure they navigate and perform at their peak. Specifically, the durability and condition of the flooring upon which they travel. Worn or uneven surfaces can disrupt the functioning of the vehicle's laser-based navigation sensors, slowing down its rate of travel.

"Speaking in generalities, most AMRs in the field run on minimal, if any, suspension. So, every time they travel over an area in the floor with excessive wear, a bump, or a gap, the potential exists for the navigation system to be disrupted — even for just a couple of seconds," explains Cody. "If each robot's ability to navigate is hampered repeatedly by the flooring, then those seconds can add up to a considerable amount of wasted time, negatively impacting the overall productivity of the operation."

While AMRs are autonomous, their optimal paths may follow repetitive patterns in areas. As a result, the millions of cycles of wheel load traffic from the robots can wear out a standard flooring surface. Since they're outfitted with sophisticated sensors and computerized components, a discharge of static electricity built up from the flooring might damage the vehicle's electronics, possibly even rendering it unusable. ResinDek with TriGard is engineered specifically to endure the consistent, repeated travel patterns associated with AMRs. The TriGard finish comes standard with electrostatic dissipative (ESD) finish that protects sensitive electronic equipment from damage. ResinDek with TriGard panels are also backed by a 10-year product warranty.

ResinDek with TriGard performance engineered flooring panel provides a level surface for Locus Robotics autonomous mobile robots to navigate quickly and efficiently.

"From my perspective, the whole design was built out dimensionally to optimize the movement of our robots. Although we didn't make any specific recommendations about the flooring, when we learned it would be ResinDek from Cornerstone Specialty Wood Products, we knew our AMRs wouldn't have any problems. As a robotics company, we test a variety of performance parameters — including anti-static, coefficient of friction, stopping with and without full loads, and so on — on different flooring surfaces," states Jeffrey Cody, Director at Locus Robotics. Cornerstone has worked with Locus Robotics for a number of years, providing a variety of ResinDek flooring products to the company (and to other robotics manufacturers) for their testing labs.

Ridg-U-Rak's sales and engineering staff values how quickly Cornerstone turns around quotations and design layouts on the drawings. "They're wonderful to work with; we send them our AutoCAD drawing of the work platform, they figure out the precise layout of the floor panels, and they return the drawings showing the flooring design, as well as a cut sheet and instructions for installation. The installers know exactly where every panel goes, where the cuts are, the orientation of each tongue and groove, Cornerstone makes the installation faster and less expensive. The more efficiently we can install the floor system, the sooner we complete the project, which leads to a higher level of customer satisfaction. It saves us a lot of time, and we know it's going to be perfect every time," states Jim Staszewski, a Ridg-U-Rak Senior Designer.


The content & opinions in this article are the author’s and do not necessarily represent the views of RoboticsTomorrow
ResinDek / Cornerstone Specialty Wood Products

ResinDek / Cornerstone Specialty Wood Products

As the manufacturer of ResinDek® panels, we have been at the forefront of testing and innovating flooring panels for the Material Handling Industry since 1994. In 2007, we began providing ResinDek panels for automated warehouse distribution robots. Much of our initial research and development occurred with Automated Guided Vehicles. In the last decade, we have provided a variety of ResinDek engineered flooring products to numerous Automated Guided Vehicles (AGV) and Autonomous Mobile Robot (AMR) manufacturers for their testing labs. As a result, millions of square feet of ResinDek panels are in service worldwide with robotic traffic in distribution centers, warehouses, microfulfillment centers, and retail environments.

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Investing in AGVs or AMRs? 6 Ways Engineered Mezzanine Flooring Maximizes Implementation Success
Having the wrong elevated flooring surface — such as concrete, which frequently has uneven surfaces, cracks, and spalling — can significantly hamper the function and productivity of AGVs and AMRs.
Warehouse Robots and Why Flooring is Important
One of the best ways today to improve business efficiency is through the use of warehouse robots. And while planning is underway to adopt warehouse robots, it's important to consider the most ideal flooring.
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